Solar Moss: The Smoking Gun

Solar Moss activity turns out to be the smoking gun that demonstrates conclusively that the sun is electrically active.  The solar moss activity occurs at the sun's surface.  Powerful electrical discharges in the solar atmosphere rip, tear and eject pieces of the solar crust from the surface.  These parts of the crust are vaporized by the electrical discharge and form into a millions degree coronal loops which scientists refer to as solar moss activity.  NASA and Lockheed-Martin announced in December of 1999 that they had discovered a new phenomenon near the sun’s surface, which they termed “solar moss”.  

"With this discovery, we are beginning to resolve the Sun's mysterious transition region, a thin region in the solar atmosphere where the temperature soars from ten thousand to millions of degrees," said Dr. Thomas Berger of the Lockheed-Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab (LMSAL), Palo Alto, Calif. "We are excited because this discovery offers us a new way to study the mass and energy flows in this region. It also helps us understand how the large magnetic loops in the Sun's outer atmosphere, the corona, form out of the highly intermittent magnetic fields on the Sun's surface. Studying the solar moss may ultimately shed light on the long-standing problem of how the corona is heated to million-degree temperatures."

This ”mysterious transition region” becomes a lot less mysterious if we simply recognize that this layer is a solid surface that is being eaten away by the electrical flow passing through it.  The electrical current heats up  ferrite pieces of the surface to millions of degrees as they are torn away and carried into the particle stream from the core emitting photons in the ferrite ion spectrum as they go.

If you have ever used an arc welder before, you know that the temperature at the business end of the welding rod soars wherever the arc touches and the current flows.  The electrical arc heats up the metal surfaces at BOTH ends of the arc, allowing us to weld two metals together.  These are the primary electrical forces we are witnessing, nothing more exotic than a simple arc weld from a solid surface.  The “mysterious transition region” is a lot less mysterious if we allow for a simple change in our thinking and we choose to believe what we see with our own eyes.  Solar Moss is simply a surface discharge phenomenon.

As you watch this video of a solar flare, notice the stream of arcs that flow between two distant points on the SURFACE of this “mysterious transition layer”.   To remove the mystery, all we need do is accept that this transition layer is a solid and electrically conductive surface.  Once you accept this premise, it’s easy to see the arc eat away at both ends of a solid surface.  The electrical flow is burning away at these points and heating up the base of the photosphere in the process.  As it does this, it heats the plasma of the photosphere, pushing it to the surface. Once this rising plasma “pokes through” the layer of the chromosphere, its own weight usually forces it back down.   If the surface is entire eaten away, large cracks open up, and a solar flare will occur.  These surface cracks can span almost half the surface of the sun as we see in the sunquake video from January 5th 2001.

If we superimpose the Yohkoh's view of these mossy surfaces (2nd photo) we can also see that these flowing arcs emit hard and soft x-rays all the way into the corona.  Yohkoh's view of space demonstrates that these arcs may contribute at least in part to the sun's overall fusion output, particularly near the base of the most active areas.

If we look at the sun through the eyes of Yohkoh, we can see evidence of high energy emissions happening all throughout the corona.

The forth photo is a close-up taken of the surface looking at multiple spectrums in different colors representing 171, 195 and 284 angstroms. Regardless of the spectrum in question, the solid and sharp features of the rigid and angular surface structures are clearly visible, and the emanation points for each of the energy flows in each spectrum begins at exactly the same point on the surface.  This structure is far to rigid to be made of the same materials as the material of the photosphere.  It behaves more like a solid that a liquid and it emits photons consistent with various iron/ferrite ions.

If we look at the sun through the eyes of Yohkoh, we can see evidence high energy emissions happening all throughout the corona emanating from the electrical arcs coming from the surface, and extending all the way into the corona.  These electrical reactions release plasma that builds up along the lower regions of the surface, usually in the northern and southern polar regions.  Sometimes this layer peels off the surface in massive coronal discharges.




Photo Provided By Trace Using the 171 Angstrom Filter.  This photo shows remarkable surface detail and also a close up of the solar wind created from the electrical arcs passing through the surface.


Yohkoh and the The Smoking Gun.  This Trace/Yohkoh composite image shows iron ion emissions in the lower part of the arc.  As the arc reaches the warmer layers of the chromosphere, the arc glows in soft x-rays the Yohkoh can observe.

Trace images solar moss activity on the surface using the 171 angstrom filter.

This Trace close up image of the surface uses all three iron ion emission sets to create a composite image of the surface layer and its emission patterns.  The iron ion emissions follow the same surface contours in each of the three wavelengths showing electrical activity around a set of surface structures.  The different colors represent three unique wavelengths that are all related to iron that has been heated to millions of degrees. 

Yohkoh demonstrates that the bulk of the soft x-ray emissions originate from iron ions that are flowing in the electrical arcs.  Most of the electrical activity is focused in the equatorial regions of the sun.  The polar regions emit fare fewer soft x-rays demonstrating that these areas are less electrically active.


The Surface Of The Sun